Pepperwood Gypsy Cobs 

    Western Australia 

The Drum horse

The Drum Horse is a combination of any of the following breeds: Shire, Clydesdale, and Gypsy Horse, where no single breed listed above exceeds 87% (7/8) of the total make-up and the percentage of Gypsy Horse blood does not fall below 12.5% (1/8).

Actually named after a “job” performed by the horse, The Drum Horse is an important member of the Queen of England's Band of the Life Guards. These horses carry two large solid silver kettle Drums, plus a fully outfitted rider, through crowds of thousands, during the Queen’s processions! The fact that the Drum Horse can remain quiet in large crowds of people while being controlled entirely by reins attached to their rider’s feet is a testament to the Drum Horse's extraordinary disposition.

 

General Appearance:
The overall impression of the Drum Horse should be one of an elegant heavy horse of great strength and agility. The Drum Horse is a heavy riding horse, and should therefore display the athleticism to allow for competitiveness in all ridden and driven disciplines. The Drum should be a large, well-muscled horse of medium to heavy weight, with good quality bone, an athletic body, a kind expression, and abundant hair (including heavy “feather” on the legs).

Size:
The Drum Horse should be a large, athletic animal capable of excelling in a variety of equine disciplines. To achieve this goal members are encouraged to select breeding stock of a size that will help ensure their American Drum Horses will reach the desired mature height of 16 hands or taller.

Disposition:
The Drum Horse should display good character and be a willing and sensible partner.

Colour:
Drum Horses may have any base colour, and may be solid or coloured. There is no preference given to coloured horses over solid coloured horses.

Hair:
Mane and tail should be natural and abundant. Feather is a required characteristic of a Drum Horse. Feathering should preferably begin above the fetlock joints, and start at the back of the knee and hocks, as well as run down the leg to cover the entire hoof. Feather should be silky and soft, and may be either straight or curly. Trimming of the mane, tail, and feather is not desired, unless required for a discipline in which the horse in question competes. Clipping or trimming of bridle paths, belly hair, jaw and ear hair is permissible and up to each individual owner/breeder. Docking of tails is not permitted*.

Head:
The head should be attractive and in proportion to the body. The forehead and poll should be wide, but not so wide as to lose the appearance of overall proportion to the length of the head. The muzzle and jaw should be square, and tie in cleanly to the rest of the head. The upper and lower lip should meet, and the horse's bite should be even. The ears should be attractive and in proportion with the head, and carried alertly. The eyes should appear expressive and kind, and should be an appropriate size in relation to the horse's head. Eyes may be any colour. Both convex and straight profiles are acceptable, given they are appropriate for the horse's body type.

Neck:
The neck should be long, well-muscled, and in proportion to the horse’s frame. Throat latch should be clean, allowing for good flexion at the poll. The length of the neck should be well proportioned in comparison to the length of the back, and should tie in smoothly at the shoulder and withers.

Stallions may exhibit a masculine crest in proper relationship to the size and thickness of neck. Mares should have a more refined, feminine head and neck.
Chest:
The chest should be deep and as broad as the shoulders, balanced in appearance compared to the rest of the body.

Shoulders:
The shoulders should be set far enough apart to allow for each front leg to be centred under each point of the shoulder. Shoulders should be level and in balance with each other. The slope of the shoulder and the slope of the pastern should ideally be the same angle (as close to a 45-50 degree angle as possible). 
Withers:
Withers should be average in height (not too high or low) and well-defined, with a generous layer of muscle. They should be sloping, and preferably lie further back than the elbow, to allow for greater scope of motion in the forelimbs.

Back , Loins and Croup:
The back should be strong and in proportion with the horse's overall frame and build. The back should tie in well with the loins, which should be wide and strong on the mature horse. The loins should lead fluently into the croup, which should have a slight downward slope. The croup should not be short or steep/pointed, nor overly round.
Barrel:
The barrel should be well-rounded with long, well set ribs. When viewed from the side, the bottom length of the horse’s barrel should be approximately the same length of the back, or slightly shorter.

HOOVES AND LEGS

Front Legs:
When viewed from the front, front legs should be set parallel to each other and far enough apart to allow one hoof width in between. When viewed from the side, legs should be straight to the fetlock joint. The knee should be slightly wider than the leg itself, and “flat,” as opposed to “round,” in appearance. The cannon bone should be half of the length of the forearm. Pasterns should ideally be the same angle as the shoulders.

Back Legs:
When viewed from behind, the back legs may be straight or display a “draft horse hock set," but should not be cow hocked. When the horse is standing square and viewed from the side, the hind legs should be set directly under the hindquarters, with the point of the hock directly beneath the point of the buttock. The hock should be flat in appearance, and ideally a little higher than the front knee. The cannon bone in the rear leg should be slightly longer than in the front legs.

Hooves:
Hooves should be large enough for soundness, stability and weight-bearing, but not exaggerated in proportion to the horse's build. Heels should be open, and hooves should be well shaped to provide long years of sound use.

Drum Horse Breed Standard

The purpose of the Drum Horse Standard is to help develop the quintessential heavy riding and driving horse utilising the bloodlines of the Gypsy Cob, Shire, and Clydesdale horses. The ideal Drum Horse displays the calm disposition, heavy bone, profuse feathering and parade animal presence of the Drum Horses in use by HRH The Queen of England's Cavalry. Animals adhering to this standard will also maintain the agility, movement and athleticism to ensure they can excel at a variety of ridden and driven disciplines.

 

Size

Minimum 16hh and upwards. Horses under 16hh will be registered in the Appendix Drum Section.

 

General Appearance

The Drum Horse should

Give the impression of intelligence, kindness, strength and agility.

Be a large well-muscled horse of either medium weight or heavy weight

Possess good quality bone, a sturdy body, kind expression and abundant hair.

Display the athleticism to allow for a pleasant day of hunting, hacking or other ridden discipline. The AGHS Drum Horse is considered a heavy riding horse and should also excel at driving.

Head

The head should

Be in proportion to the body neither too large nor too small

Have a broad forehead,

Have a generous jaw, square muzzle and even bite.

Have ears that are cleanly shaped and well set on.

The eyes should be large and set well apart with an intelligent, kind expression. Eyes can be any colour, and blue eyes shall not be penalised.

Have a convex or straight profile, both of which are acceptable

Have a masculine appearance to the head if they are a stal-lion or gelding

Have a more feminine appearance for a mare

 

Neck

The neck should

Be substantial and well-muscled with a defined arch

Be clean through the throat, not too short, and tie in well at the shoulder and withers

Exhibit a masculine crest in proper relationship to the size and thickness of the neck in the case of a stallion

 

Chest

The chest should be

Broad

Significantly muscled

 

Shoulders

The shoulders should be

Deep

Powerful

Of a correct slope to allow for ample, free movement

 

Withers

Withers should

Be average in height, not too high

Possess a generous layer of muscle

 

Back

The back should be

Short

Supple

Well-muscled

Tied in strongly at the loin

 

Body

The barrel should

Be deep with well sprung ribs

Have a solid covering of muscle

Have a flank as deep as the girth

Have a strong loin that ties into the croup with a smooth, well-muscled appearance

 

Legs

The legs should

Be set squarely under the body

Be straight

Have clean joints

Have plenty of dense, flat bone

Have well-muscled forearms and thighs

Have clean and well defined hocks on the hind legs that are broad, deep, flat and wide when viewed from the side

Have pasterns long enough to allow for a proper slope of about 45 degrees from the hoof head to the fetlock joint

Have sound hooves

Have a generous and open heel

The Drum Horse may or may not exhibit the influence of the draught horse hock-set. 

 

Hindquarters

Hindquarters should

Be smooth and rounded across a long croup

Have a medium to high tail set

Have a long hip with wide pelvis

Have well-muscled thighs and buttocks

 

Hair

The hair should

Be long and thick

Abundant

Start at the knees and hocks, preferably with some feather running down the front of the leg as well as the back

Be soft and silky in the feather

Be either straight or curling feather, and should cover the hoof

* Docking of tails is not permissible without a veterinary certificate.

 

Colour

Drum Horses may be any colour, either Pinto, Overo or Solid. Blue eyes are acceptable.

 

Movement

When in motion, the ideal Drum Horse should move with

Action, power, grace and agility

Head carriage and collection that appears natural, not overly exaggerated or forced

Free, straight and square movement with ample impulsion

Knee action that is somewhat snappy but displays a long, free moving shoulder which should allow the ability to reach forward in a classic extension

The appearance of being up under itself with a smooth, powerful stride and should be light on the forehand

 

Disposition

The Drum Horse should be, above all else,

A kind and willing partner

Display an intelligent character and docile temperament

Display a calm and sensible attitude.